The story revolves around a fallen hero, Kunal Chopra, who has lost his enthusiasm because of his failure, and is leading a lackadaisical life before he found true love in his wife Siddhi Chopra after which he started living following his dreams got their directions. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.रस - छंद - अलंकार - याद करे ट्रिक से - जाने इसकी परिभाषा - उदाहरण के साथ - Class 12 in hindi
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He was the younger brother of the noted Hindi film actor, Balraj Sahni. Bhisham Sahni was born on 8 August in Rawalpindi. D from Punjab University, Chandigarh in He joined the struggle for Indian independence.
At the time of Partition he was an active member of the Indian National Congress, and organized relief work for the refugees when riots broke out in Rawalpindi in March He worked both as an actor and a director. Thereafter, he left Bombay for Punjab where he worked briefly as a lecturer, first in a college at Ambala and then at Khalsa College, Amritsar.
On his return to India Bhisham Sahni resumed teaching at Delhi College, and also edited the reputed literary magazine Nai Kahaniyan from to He retired from service in Bhisham Sahni was associated with several literary and cultural organizations. He was the founder and chairman of 'SAHMAT', an organisation promoting cross-cultural understanding, founded in memory of the murdered theatre artist and activist Safdar Hashmi.
Bhisham Sahni's epic work Tamas Darkness, Ignorance is a novel based on the riots of Partition of India which he witnessed at Rawalpindi. Tamas won the Sahitya Akademi Award for literature and was later made into a television film in by Govind Nihalani.
But his novel named 'Mayyadas Ki Mari' Mayyadas's Castle was one of his finest literary creation, the backdrop of this narrative is historical and depicts the age when the Khalsa Raj was vanquished in Punjab and the British were taking over.
This novel is a saga of changing social order and decadent set of values. Bhisham Sahni was one of the most prolific writers of Hindi literature. His immense popularity was not a result of any pandering to vulgar tastes but a reward for his literary merits—his sharp wit, his gentle irony, his all-pervasive humour, his penetrating insight into character, his mastery as raconteur, and his profound grasp of the yearnings of the human heart.
Noted Writer, Nirmal Verma, stated, "If we see a long gallery of unmatched characters in his stories and novels, where each person is present with his class and family; pleasures and pains of his town and district; the whole world of perversions and contradictions; it is because the reservoir of his Bhisham Sahni's experience was vast and abundant. At the request of his father — would anyone believe?
With his high-spirits and passion for life of the common people, he travelled through villages and towns of Punjab with the IPTA theatre group; then began to teach to earn a living; and then lived in the USSR for seven years as a Hindi translator.
This sprawling reservoir of experience collected in the hustle-bustle of various occupations ultimately filtered down into his stories and novels, without which, as we realise today, the world of Hindi prose would have been deprived and desolate. The 'simplicity' of his work comes from hard layers of experience, which distinguish and separate it from other works of 'simplified realism.
Amritsar Aa Gaya Hai 'We have reached Amritsar' is one such exceptional work where Bhisham gets away from the external reality and points to the bloody fissures etched on people's psyche. This is possible only for a writer who, in the darkness of historic events has seen the sudden 'accidents' that happen inside human hearts from up close.Aap ke dwara kiya gaye karya ki jitani prasansa ki jaye kam hai. AAsha hai ki bhavishya me bhi esi prakar ke karya aapke dwara hote rahege.
Yah aapne sach me wakai bahut hi achha kaam kiya hai…lekin main aapka dhyan bhool-sudhar ki or bhi akrisht karna chahoonga jisse anya pathakon ko dikkat na ho…rachnaon ki kram sankyaonn main thodi galti hai. I need help if you or anyone else can help me.
AAsha hai ki AAP bhavishya may logo kay dilo may ek deepak ki roshni dikate rehiye. I had wanted to do this all this time. Raman Ji.
मातृभूमि का मान
Really a gr8 job. You have really made reading premchand enjoyfull. I have tried everywhere I could with no result and you seem to be my last hope. From Russia. This attempt is just wonderful. When it saw it, i was just astonished but happy to great degrees. Raman, u have done an excellent job.
I love to read Munshi Premchand.
Waiting for more stuff to be uploaded soon. Ek Fauji hoon aur bahut samay se soch raha tha ki kabhi to Munshi ji ki sabhi kathaon kaa rasaa swadan karungaa, par samy hi nahi mil paata tha. Ab videsh mein baitha hua hoon, jahan kaam bahut adhik nahi hai aur samay milta hai kuchh aur karne kaa.
Par ye to thehra pardes….
महादेवी वर्मा का जीवन परिचय
Par hamesha ki tarah aaj maine bhi google par unka naam type kiya aur, apki site mil gayi. Achha laga Aap yakeen nahi karenge main kabhi bhi, kisi bhi upanyas ko do din mein nahi padh saka tha, par yeh is baar sambhav ho gaya…. Agar ho sake to aur bhi upanyas hamare jaise logon ke liye is patal par awashya prastut kare…. Ek baar fir se saadhuwad. Dear Sir, I really appericiate your site — great work. I have serious doubt about this one! Are you sure that this story is a genuine work of Munshi Premchand?
This is a really critical matter…. Dear Sir: How do I express my gratitude for such a treasure that you have made available on line in Hindi. I used to read them when I was of years old, way back in 60s, and they left an indelible impression on my young mind. I have always believed that these literary works were priceless; they portrayed rural India in such a simple and moving style that to this day has remained incomparable.He also worked on English.
He was a prolific writer, penning over 20 novels, 30 collections of short stories and scores of radio plays in Urdu, and later, after partition of the country, took to writing in Hindi as well.
He also wrote screen-plays for Bollywood movies to supplement his meagre income as an author of satirical stories. Autobiography of a Donkey have been translated into over 16 Indian languages and some foreign languages, including English. His short story "Annadata" trans: The Giver of Grain — an obsequious appellation used by Indian peasants for their feudal land-ownerswas made into the film Dharti Ke Lal by Khwaja Ahmad Abbas — which led to his being offered work regularly as a screenwriter by Bollywoodincluding such populist hits as Mamta and Sharafat He wrote his film scripts in Urdu.
Chander was born in BharatpurRajasthan where his father worked as a doctor. Chander spent his childhood in Poonchin the state of Jammu and Kashmirwhere his father worked as the physician of Maharaja Poonch. Mitti Ke Sanam one of his most popular novel is about the childhood memories of a young boy who lived with his parents in Kashmir. His another memorable novel is "Gaddar", which is about the partition of India and Pakistan in In this novel, he brilliantly picturised the sufferings of the people during that time through a selfish young man's feelings, who himself was a gaddar betrayer.
His short stories are the stories of Kashmiri villages, as well as those of displaced expatriates and rootless urban man. He used Pahari dialect of people living in Poonch words while writing in Urdu. In the s he studied at Forman Christian College and edited the English section of the college house magazine, and was at that time interested in English writings.
मुंशी प्रेमचंद | Munshi Premchand
As the then editor of the Urdu section of the magazine, Mehr Lal Soni Zia Fatehabadi was instrumental to his career in having got published, in the yearChander's first Urdu short story, "Sadhu". His literary masterpieces on the Bengal famine and the savagery and barbarism that took place at the time of the partition of India in are some of the finest specimens of modern Urdu literature, but at other times too he continued relentlessly to critique the abuse of power, poverty and the suffering of the wretched of the earth; but above all he never stopped protesting casteism, fanaticism, communal violence and terror.
He was a humanist and a cosmopolitan. He has been described as the "author of more than books including novels, collections of short stories, plays, fantasies, satires, parodies, reportages, film-scripts and books for children",  which include:.
Short Story Collection. Chander married Salma Siddiqui. He died working at his desk in Mumbai on 8 March He had just started to write a satirical essay entitled Adab baray-e-Batakh Literature for a duckand wrote just one line Noorani ko bachpan hi se paltoo janwaron ka shauq tha. Kabootar, bandar, rang barangi chiriyaan… since childhood Noorani was fond of pet animals such as pigeons, monkeys, multi-coloured birds… but before he could complete the sentence he succumbed to a massive heart attack.A political commentator and a socialisthe wrote in a range of genres, including essays, novels and short stories, as well as a play, two travel books and an autobiography.
Yashpal's writings form an extension to his earlier life as a revolutionary in the cause of the Indian independence movement.
Yashpal was born in at a village situated in the Kangra Hills. His mother was poor and had sole responsibility for raising her two sons. He grew up in an era when claims to independence from the British Raj were increasingly heard and with a mother who was a keen supporter of Arya Samaj.
He attended an Arya Samaj gurukul in Haridwar on a "freeship" basis, due to the family's poverty. Yashpal later said that during his schooldays he had daydreamed of a time when Indians would reverse the situation to the point of governing their colonial masters in Britain itself.
He was bullied by his fellow pupils at the gurukul on account of his poverty, and he left the school when he suffered a prolonged attack of dysentery. Reunited with his mother in LahoreYashpal attended middle school there before progressing to high school in Ferozepur Cantonmentwhere the family had subsequently moved.
He found the urban environment and schooling to be more to his taste and he finished first in class in his matriculation exam. Yashpal had been a follower of Mahatma Gandhi's Congress organisation from the age of 17, while still in high school. He toured villages to promote Gandhi's message of non-cooperation among peasant people but they appeared disinterested and he realised that there was nothing in the Congress programme that addressed issues that affected them. It was after one such tour that he received his matriculation results, the success in which entitled him to a scholarship at a government college.
He declined that award in favour of having to fund himself through studies at National College, Lahorean institution that had been established by the Arya Samajist and Congress activist Lala Lajpat Rai with the aim of promoting social service and providing a quality education to Indians who did not want to be taught in British-administered colleges.
It was at National College that Yashpal met people such as Bhagat Singh and Sukhdev Thapar who were later to become the nucleus of the Punjabi armed revolution movement.
Encouraged by the tutelage of Jaichandra Vidyalankara historian and associate of Ghadaritesthis group of students read widely of political theory and past revolutionaries from Europe and India. His work for the HSRA was generally behind the scenes and he had a lower public profile than people who physically engaged in acts of revolution, such as Singh, Rajguru and Chandrashekar Azad. While continuing his activism, he was employed as a clerk by the Lakshmi Insurance Company, a role that he deeply disliked and described.
Before this, no one had ever been dissatisfied with me; in fact, I was always praised for my hard work and ability. But I proved to be totally incompetent as a clerk. Personally, I found the work so distasteful I could not apply myself to it. I made one mistake after another and was constantly criticized. Where were my lofty aspirations to be a successful lawyer or professor or effective political figure, sitting all day on my clerk's seat, sending interim receipts and writing dunning letters to clients to pay up their overdue premiums?
I felt like I was sealed up inside a box, helpless, unable to break out. I felt that this was not my individual misfortune, but the lack of opportunity because of the way our society was managed. I felt that a change in the way the country and society were run was the only remedy. Then I saw the revolution, not only as a beneficence, but as a cry for my very existence.
Yashpal became a fugitive in Aprilhiding for a few weeks with a relative in the Kangra area after a recently established HSRA bomb factory in Lahore was raided by police. Realising that the HSRA cause could not be furthered unless its members were organised, he was back in Lahore before June.
Bhagat Singh and Sukhdev Thapar had both been arrested and he did not have contact details for any members who were free.
Sukhdev Thapar was able to give him details of another member after Yashpal visited him in prison, posing as a lawyer, but the information was voided soon after due to a police raid on the HSRA's other bomb factory, in Saharanpur.
Some of those arrested at both factories became informants. Yashpal then held discussions with leaders of the Hindu Mahasabhaanother revolutionary movement. However, he was appalled by their pluralism, preferring instead his own vision of a country guided by the socio-economic ideologies of Abrahamic Hinduphobia emanating from the west. As an Islamist in the garb of a Hindu, their offer to pay the HSRA 50, rupees to assassinate Muhammad Ali Jinnah was the final straw: the organisation of which he was a member were not to be guns for hire.
The last significant armed act of the HSRA was the attempt on 23 December to blow up a train carrying the then viceroyLord Irwin. Yashpal detonated that bomb, which destroyed the dining car but only inconvenienced Irwin.He was born on 30 November in the village Kagal near KolhapurMaharashtra in a poor family.
His illiterate farmer father was not in favor of educating him. So young Yadav ran away from home, and, facing many hardships, received education as high as a doctorate from Pune University.
His books such as Jhombi and Nangarani depict his struggle for education. He died in at Pune. Yadav was one of the early writers of Marathi Gramin Sahitya literature pertaining to rural life in Maharashtra.
The novel is an autobiographical story of a young boy, his loving mother, his life of utter poverty, and his eagerness to receive education. Yadav was elected as the president of the 82nd Marathi Sahitya Sammelan which was held at Mahabaleshwar in March The mahamandal members had demanded his resignation with a warning that they would disrupt the sammelan if their demand was not met.
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